Cru Saint Georges d’Orques –Murviel les Montpellier
The terroir of St Georges spans over five villages : Lavérune, Pignan, Juvignac, St Georges d’Orques,and Murviel. Among these villages, Murviel was the only one to obtain the classification of its entire vineyard in1986: Appellation d’Origine Contrôlée, Coteaux du Languedoc – Terroir Saint Georges d’Orques. This was the ultimate recognition for the work achieved by generations of men who had struggled to have the quality of their wines along with their terroir recognized.
This terroir, one of the smallest in Languedoc, has undoubtedly the oldest history and best fame:
Indeed, its wines were served at the table of the most prestigious hosts in the European courts, like England, Holland, Switzerland, and Russia.
St. Georges d’Orques – Murviel wines have sparked the enthusiasm of the greatest men , among whom Thomas Jefferson who, first as ambassador to France, then as President of the United States of America in 1801, was undoubtedly one of the most loyal wine lovers and champions of St George wines.
On his request, these wines benefited from a reduction of the customs duties to facilitate their importation to the United States.
However, as early as 1730, the consuls of the town, anxious to preserve the image of quality of St George wines and to fight against increasing fraud, decided to stamp each barrel with a brand representing St Georges killing the dragon.
The terroir of Belles Pierres Vineyard
The vineyards of Murviel spread over about 250 ha, nestled between garrigue and groves, on stony gentle slopes of combs or hillsides. There, the Domain plunges its roots in the heartland of St Georges terroir, Murviel soils result from two types of geological formations, both dating back to the secondary era.
Limestone clay terrains
The liasic (lower Jurassic) plateau of Murviel belongs to “the folds of Montpellier” of which the village is the best expression; this geological folding is due to the thrust of the African continent (which formed the Pyrenees and the Montagne Noire). This formation alternates layers of siliceous limestone and marl giving a type of soil named limestone clay by agronomists, with 40% of stones and clay on a large surface area hese soils contain enough organic matter and water supply for the vines. Moreover their capacity of storing heat gives fine, heady wines, fragrant with the scent of spices and garrigue.
These soils date back to the Bajocian , middle Jurassic period. Near the zones where the cherty bedrock outcrops, (concretions rich in silica) one can observe plots rich in sharp decalcified broken stones, of which the siliceous content favours the fixation of iron oxides, giving the soil a red colour. On hillsides, these soils have good drainage but remain cool in the deep layers (clay rate). Their PH, close to neutrality or even slightly acidic, gives highly expressive wines.